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J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1998 Apr;13(2):27-35.

Standardized assessment of concussion (SAC): on-site mental status evaluation of the athlete.

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  • 1Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha, WI 53188, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study investigated the clinical utility of the Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) in detecting concussion in athletes.

METHOD:

Athletic trainers administered the SAC to 568 nonconcussed high school and college football players prior to the 1995 and 1996 football seasons. Thirty-three of these players experienced concussion and were tested immediately following injury; 28 of the 33 underwent additional follow-up testing 48 hours after the injury.

RESULTS:

Concussed players scored significantly below nonconcussed controls on all SAC measures and significantly below their own pre-injury baseline performance. Follow-up testing documented return to preinjury baseline.

CONCLUSION:

These findings support the SAC's effectiveness in detecting concussion and tracking recovery in order to determine a player's fitness to return to play.

PMID:
9575254
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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