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J Biol Chem. 1998 May 15;273(20):12536-42.

Cloning and expression of cDNA encoding rat liver 60-kDa lysophospholipase containing an asparaginase-like region and ankyrin repeat.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi 371-8511, Japan.


Mammalian tissues contain small form and large form lysophospholipases. Here we report the cloning, sequence, and expression of cDNA encoding the latter form of lysophospholipase using antibody raised against the enzyme purified from rat liver supernatant (Sugimoto, H., and Yamashita, S. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 6252-6258). The 2,539-base pair cDNA encoded 564 amino acid residues with a calculated Mr of 60,794. The amino-terminal two-thirds of the deduced amino acid sequence significantly resembled Escherichia coli asparaginase I with the putative asparaginase catalytic triad Thr-Asp-Lys and was followed by leucine zipper motif. The carboxyl-terminal region carried ankyrin repeat. When the cDNA was transfected into HEK293 cells, not only lysophospholipase activity but also asparaginase and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase activities were expressed. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction revealed that the transcript occurred at high levels in liver and kidney but was hardly detectable in lung and heart from which large form lysophospholipases had been purified, suggesting the presence of multiple forms of large form lysophospholipase in mammalian tissues.

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