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Kidney Int. 1998 May;53(5):1230-6.

Clinical evaluation of a capture ELISA for detection of proteinase-3 antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody.

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  • 1Department of Nephrology, Lund University, Sweden. Kerstin.Westman@njur.lu.se

Abstract

Detection of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) has become a useful tool in the diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis and microscopic polyangiitis. However, the results obtained with indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) and by ELISA for ANCA demonstration do not always correlate. A possible explanation for this finding could be that proteins are denatured during the process of antigen purification or during coating onto the solid phase. To avoid this possibility, a monoclonal antibody to PR3 that is precoated on the plate can be used. In the present study we have used the monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 4A3 for the capture of PR3 in an ELISA, and a clinical evaluation of the diagnostic properties of the new capture ELISA has been made. The sensitivity of the capture PR3-ANCA ELISA was 85% in a material of c-ANCA positive sera. A specificity of 90% was obtained in analyses from patients having various forms of glomerulonephritis. There was a significantly higher diagnostic sensitivity of the capture PR3-ANCA ELISA (85%) compared to c-ANCA by IIF (58%) in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis with renal involvement. Capture PR3-ANCA and direct ELISA for MPO-ANCA together gave a diagnostic sensitivity of 98%, versus 75% using IIF. In conclusion, the capture PR3-ANCA ELISA seems to be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis with renal involvement. Preliminary data suggest that the technique may have an advantage over direct ELISA for PR3-ANCA, as well as in the follow-up of c-/PR3-ANCA associated vasculitides. However, further prospective studies are needed to clarify this premise.

PMID:
9573537
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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