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Pediatrics. 1998 May;101(5):929-32.

Growth hormone deficiency in patients with 22q11.2 deletion: expanding the phenotype.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


The list of findings associated with the 22q11.2 deletion is quite long and varies from patient to patient. The hallmark features include: conoruncal cardiac anomalies, palatal defects, thymic aplasia or hypoplasia, T cell abnormalities, mild facial dysmorphia, and learning disabilities. The 22q11.2 deletion has been seen in association with the DiGeorge sequence, velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS), conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, isolated conotruncal cardiac anomalies, and some cases of autosomal dominant Optiz G/BBB syndrome. Short stature has been seen in one to two thirds of children reported in the literature with a diagnosis of VCFS, but growth hormone deficiency (GHD) has not been described in conjunction with this diagnosis. We present 4 patients with a 22q11.2 deletion and short stature who were found to have abnormalities in the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor I axis. All had growth factors less than -2 SD for age and failed provocative growth hormone testing. Two patients were found to have abnormal pituitary anatomy. In our population, the incidence of GHD in 4 or 95 children with 22q11 deletion is significantly greater than the estimated incidence of GHD in the general population. Children with a 22q11.2 deletion appear to be at a greater risk for pituitary abnormalities. Therefore, those children with the 22q11.2 deletion and short stature or poor growth should be evaluated for GHD, as replacement growth hormone therapy may improve their growth velocity and final height prediction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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