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Arch Dermatol Res. 1998 Mar;290(3):152-7.

Quantitative and objective evaluation of wound debriding properties of collagenase and fibrinolysin/desoxyribonuclease in a necrotic ulcer animal model.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Proteolytic enzymes have been used for wound debridement for many years. The two enzymes most widely used in Europe are fibrinolysin/desoxyribonuclease and collagenase. Despite their frequent use, very few placebo-controlled studies comparing the enzymes with vehiculum only, or with each other, are available. In a specially developed necrotic ulcer animal model, combined with a computer image analysis technique to measure necrotic and total wound surface areas quantitatively, we assessed the wound-cleansing properties of fibrinolysin/DNase oleogel, collagenase ointment, saline-soaked gauze control treatment, and new galenic formulations of collagenase, including placebos. The average relative area of necrotic tissue present in the wound after 1 week was 31% for collagenase ointment and 56% for fibrinolysin/DNAse oleogel (P = 0.0037). Collagenase gel was significantly (P = 0.0007) better in removing necrosis than placebo (gel only). Fibrinolysin/DNAse was not significantly more effective than the three placebo or control treatments (placebo film, placebo gel, saline-soaked gauzes). We conclude that collagenase is a suitable enzyme for wound debridement, but we were not able to detect clinical efficacy of fibrinolysin/DNAse in this model.

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