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Gastroenterology. 1998 May;114(5):940-6.

Short-chain fatty acids induce cell cycle inhibitors in colonocytes.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, State University of New York Health Science Center-Syracuse, Syracuse, New York 13210, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

We tested the hypothesis that short-chain organic acids in the colon derived from dietary pectin, wheat bran, and oat bran are protective against the development of colon cancer because they induce transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, which in turn inhibits cell growth by inducing cyclin-directed kinase (cdk) inhibitors.

METHODS:

U4 human colon carcinoma cells differentiate into water- and salt-transporting columnar enterocytes and therefore model normal colonocytes. The composition and kinase activity of cdk/cyclin complexes were determined by immunoprecipitation and Western blotting studies in U4 cells treated in vitro with short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) mixtures that mimic the digestion products of wheat bran, oat bran, pectin, and cellulose (as control), which is largely unfermentable.

RESULTS:

Induction of the cdk inhibitors p21cip1 and p27kip1 by fiber-mimicking SCFA mixtures occurs much more rapidly and is many-fold greater than their induction by TGF-beta1. The SCFA mixtures most effective in causing growth inhibition and cdk inhibitor production mimicked those from wheat bran > oat bran > pectin.

CONCLUSIONS:

cdk inhibitor induction by SCFA mixtures is not mediated by TGF-beta1. The SCFA mixture mimicking digested wheat bran fiber was the most effective of all mixtures tested in inhibiting cell growth through induction of cdk inhibitors.

PMID:
9558282
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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