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J Biol Chem. 1998 Apr 24;273(17):10741-6.

A human brain L-3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase is identical to an amyloid beta-peptide-binding protein involved in Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island, New York 10314, USA.


A novel L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase from human brain has been cloned, expressed, purified, and characterized. This enzyme is a homotetramer with a molecular mass of 108 kDa. Its subunit consists of 261 amino acid residues and has structural features characteristic of short chain dehydrogenases. It was found that the amino acid sequence of this human brain enzyme is identical to that of an endoplasmic reticulum amyloid beta-peptide-binding protein (ERAB), which mediates neurotoxicity in Alzheimer's disease (Yan, S. D., Fu, J., Soto, C., Chen, X., Zhu, H., Al-Mohanna, F., Collison, K., Zhu, A., Stern, E., Saido, T., Tohyama, M., Ogawa, S., Roher, A., and Stern, D. (1997) Nature 389, 689-695). The purification of human brain short chain L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase made it possible to characterize the structural and catalytic properties of ERAB. This NAD+-dependent dehydrogenase catalyzes the reversible oxidation of L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoAs to form 3-ketoacyl-CoAs, but it does not act on the D-isomers. The catalytic rate constant of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 37 s-1 with apparent Km values of 89 and 20 microM for acetoacetyl-CoA and NADH, respectively. The activity ratio of this enzyme for substrates with chain lengths of C4, C8, and C16 was approximately 1:2:2. The human short chain L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase gene is organized into six exons and five introns and maps to chromosome Xp11.2. The amino-terminal NAD-binding region of the dehydrogenase is encoded by the first three exons, whereas the other exons code for the carboxyl-terminal substrate-binding region harboring putative catalytic residues. The results of this study lead to the conclusion that ERAB involved in neuronal dysfunction is encoded by the human short chain L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase gene.

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