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J Immunol. 1998 Jan 1;160(1):361-8.

Macrophages kill T9 glioma tumor cells bearing the membrane isoform of macrophage colony stimulating factor through a phagocytosis-dependent pathway.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, CA 90822, USA. Jadus.Martin@Long-Beach.VA.GOV


Rat T9 glioma cells transfected with the gene for the membrane isoform of macrophage-CSF (mM-CSF) but not for the secreted isoform of M-CSF were directly killed by bone marrow-derived macrophages. Macrophage-mediated cytolysis of the mM-CSF-transfected clone was blocked by using chemical inhibitors of phagocytosis such as iodoacetate, 2-deoxyglucose, gadolinium chloride, and cytochalasin B. In contrast, macrophage-mediated killing of mM-CSF-expressing tumor cells was augmented by the microtubule inhibitor, colchicine. Use of nitric oxide and reactive oxygen intermediate inhibitors failed to alter the macrophage-mediated killing of the mM-CSF-transfected tumor cells. Photomicroscopy, using immunohistochemical staining with the anti-Hck Ab to distinguish macrophages from tumor cells, revealed that phagocytosis began within 2 h after addition of the mM-CSF-bearing tumor cells. Photocinematography confirmed that macrophages first phagocytosized and then lysed the internalized mM-CSF transfectant cells. Using annexin V and acridine orange staining techniques, macrophages phagocytosized living mM-CSF-transfected tumor cells.

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