Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 1998 Jan 1;160(1):361-8.

Macrophages kill T9 glioma tumor cells bearing the membrane isoform of macrophage colony stimulating factor through a phagocytosis-dependent pathway.

Author information

  • 1Department of Laboratory Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, CA 90822, USA. Jadus.Martin@Long-Beach.VA.GOV


Rat T9 glioma cells transfected with the gene for the membrane isoform of macrophage-CSF (mM-CSF) but not for the secreted isoform of M-CSF were directly killed by bone marrow-derived macrophages. Macrophage-mediated cytolysis of the mM-CSF-transfected clone was blocked by using chemical inhibitors of phagocytosis such as iodoacetate, 2-deoxyglucose, gadolinium chloride, and cytochalasin B. In contrast, macrophage-mediated killing of mM-CSF-expressing tumor cells was augmented by the microtubule inhibitor, colchicine. Use of nitric oxide and reactive oxygen intermediate inhibitors failed to alter the macrophage-mediated killing of the mM-CSF-transfected tumor cells. Photomicroscopy, using immunohistochemical staining with the anti-Hck Ab to distinguish macrophages from tumor cells, revealed that phagocytosis began within 2 h after addition of the mM-CSF-bearing tumor cells. Photocinematography confirmed that macrophages first phagocytosized and then lysed the internalized mM-CSF transfectant cells. Using annexin V and acridine orange staining techniques, macrophages phagocytosized living mM-CSF-transfected tumor cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk