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J Immunol. 1997 Dec 15;159(12):5881-8.

Early and late events in Fc epsilon RI signal transduction in human cultured mast cells.

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  • 1Pharmaceutical Research Laboratory, Kirin Brewery Co., Ltd., Gunma, Japan. su-hidefumi@kirin.co.jp

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphorylation and other biochemical events have been shown to occur after cross-linking of Fc epsilonRI in rodent mast cells. To investigate the mechanism of Fc epsilonRI signal transduction in human mast cells, we used human cultured mast cells (HCMC) generated from cord blood cells in the presence of recombinant human stem cell factor and IL-6. We found that on cross-linking of Fc epsilonRI: 1) HCMC released histamine; 2) rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple cellular substrates, including Syk, HS1, c-Cbl, ERK-1, and ERK-2, was observed; 3) intracellular Ca2+ and inositol phosphate production were increased within the first minute after Fc epsilonRI cross-linking; and 4) genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, inhibited both protein tyrosine phosphorylation and histamine release in a dose-dependent manner. These results were consistent with previous studies in rodent mast cells. In contrast, no tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase C gamma1 and Btk (Bruton's tyrosine kinase) were observed in our experimental conditions. These results suggest that the greater part of the early and late signaling events in HCMC is similar to those obtained with rodent mast cells and indicated that the requirement of tyrosine phosphorylation in the activation process of each of the signaling molecules might be different in HCMC and rodent mast cells. Our finding indicates that HCMC may be useful for analysis of Fc epsilonRI-mediated signal transduction in human mast cells.

PMID:
9550384
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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