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Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 1998 Mar;25(1):195-217.

Breast-feeding and drug exposure.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York, USA.


Breast-feeding provides important benefits to mother and infant and should be strongly encouraged as the optimal feeding choice for most infants. In the mother with an ongoing illicit drug abuse problem, the risks posed to the infant are substantial and outweigh the benefits of breast-feeding in most cases. Moderate use of alcohol, cigarettes, or caffeine is compatible with breast-feeding.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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