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Atherosclerosis. 1998 Jan;136(1):79-87.

CI-1011 lowers lipoprotein(a) and plasma cholesterol concentrations in chow-fed cynomolgus monkeys.

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  • 1Department of Vascular Diseases, Parke-Davis, Pharmaceutical Research, Warner-Lambert Company, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.


Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), which is generated through the covalent association of apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) and apo B-100-LDL, is an independent risk factor for several vascular diseases. Therefore, there is interest in developing therapies for lowering Lp(a). This investigation was carried out to determine the effect of CI-1011, a potent lipid regulator in rodents, on Lp(a) and other lipid parameters in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Nine healthy male monkeys on a normal chow diet were orally treated with CI-1011 at 30 mg/kg per day for 3 weeks. Lp(a) and total cholesterol levels were significantly decreased after 1 week and maximally reduced to 68 and 73% of control levels, respectively, after 3 treatment weeks. The decreases in total cholesterol were mainly due to changes in low density lipoprotein (LDL). The LDL:HDL ratio decreased by 30%. Triglycerides were unaffected by treatment. Lp(a) and total cholesterol levels returned to pretreatment values after stopping treatment suggesting a direct effect of the compound on their inhibition. Further studies demonstrated that CI-1011 was effective at a low dose of 3 mg/kg per day after 1 week of administration. CI-1011 also decreased apo B-100 to 80% of control levels, but this change was not sufficient to account for the Lp(a) lowering. There was also no correlation between the changes in Lp(a) and apo B-100 levels. Treatment of cynomolgus monkey primary hepatocyte cultures with CI-1011 resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of Lp(a) levels suggesting a direct hepatic effect of the compound. Western blot analysis of the samples showed that changes in Lp(a) were associated mainly with decreased apo(a) (47%), but not apo B-100 (17%). These results demonstrate that CI-1011 effectively decreases Lp(a) levels both in vivo and in vitro.

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