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J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1998 Mar;88(3):109-18.

Bone grafting in foot and ankle surgery. A review of 300 cases.

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  • 1Podiatry Institute, Tucker, GA, USA.


Three hundred foot and ankle bone grafts were reviewed in three separate series of 100 consecutive grafts from two institutions. The series represent a period from 1977 to 1990 and demonstrate treatment patterns that varied over time and between institutions in indications, graft material, and perioperative management. Over 42% of the 300 grafts were for calcaneal osteotomies; most were Evans calcaneal osteotomies. Over 72% of the grafts were allogeneic bone-bank bone, which performed well in calcaneal osteotomies and for packing of defects. Upon review of the incidence of bone complications, no significant differences were observed between surgical procedures that used autogenous versus allogeneic grafts. However, four out of six failures of first metatarsal repair were with allogeneic bone. There was a significant difference in complication rates for the major indications for bone-graft surgery. Nonunions and arthrodeses resulted in higher complication rates than expected, whereas calcaneal osteotomies resulted in a lower complication rate than expected.

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