Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Apr;67(4):798S-803S.

US Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program.

Author information

  • 1Office of Research, Education, and Economics and the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250, USA. ekennedy@usda.gov

Abstract

This article reviews the history of the US Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program (SBP) and provides a synthesis of factors influencing participation rates. Certain children are more likely to participate than others, such as those in lower grades and those from low-income households, and African American, Hispanic, and male students. A few studies in the past 25 y have examined the effectiveness of the SBP in improving the diets and nutritional status of children. The overall pattern that emerges from these studies is that the SBP contributes to improved nutrient intake in program participants. Less attention has been devoted to assessing the effects of SBP on cognitive development. Some of the evidence reviewed here suggests that the SBP significantly improves school performance and reduces absenteeism and tardiness. Future directions for research and operation of the SBP are discussed in light of the changing dietary profile of American children.

PMID:
9537632
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk