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Plant Physiol. 1998 Apr;116(4):1421-9.

Actin-bundling protein isolated from pollen tubes of lily. Biochemical and immunocytochemical characterization

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  • 1Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science, Himeji Institute of Technology, Harima Science Park City, Hyogo 678-12, Japan.


A 135-kD actin-bundling protein was purified from pollen tubes of lily (Lilium longiflorum) using its affinity to F-actin. From a crude extract of the pollen tubes, this protein was coprecipitated with exogenously added F-actin and then dissociated from F-actin by treating it with high-ionic-strength solution. The protein was further purified sequentially by chromatography on a hydroxylapatite column, a gel-filtration column, and a diethylaminoethyl-cellulose ion-exchange column. In the present study, this protein is tentatively referred to as P-135-ABP (Plant 135-kD Actin-Bundling Protein). By the elution position from a gel-filtration column, we estimated the native molecular mass of purified P-135-ABP to be 260 kD, indicating that it existed in a dimeric form under physiological conditions. This protein bound to and bundled F-actin prepared from chicken breast muscle in a Ca2+-independent manner. The binding of 135-P-ABP to actin was saturated at an approximate stoichiometry of 26 actin monomers to 1 dimer of P-135-ABP. By transmission electron microscopy of thin sections, we observed cross-bridges between F-actins with a longitudinal periodicity of 31 nm. Immunofluorescence microscopy using rhodamine-phalloidin and antibodies against the 135-kD polypeptide showed that P-135-ABP was colocalized with bundles of actin filaments in lily pollen tubes, leading us to conclude that it is the factor responsible for bundling the filaments.

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