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IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 1997 Dec;16(6):903-10.

Automatic correction of motion artifacts in magnetic resonance images using an entropy focus criterion.

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  • 1Image Processing Group, Radiological Sciences, UMDS, Guy's Hospital, London, UK.


We present the use of an entropy focus criterion to enable automatic focusing of motion corrupted magnetic resonance images. We demonstrate the principle using illustrative examples from cooperative volunteers. Our technique can determine unknown patient motion or use knowledge of motion from other measures as a starting estimate. The motion estimate is used to compensate the acquired data and is iteratively refined using the image entropy. Entropy focuses the whole image principally by favoring the removal of motion induced ghosts and blurring from otherwise dark regions of the image. Using only the image data, and no special hardware or pulse sequences, we demonstrate correction for arbitrary rigid-body translational motion in the imaging plane and for a single rotation. Extension to three-dimensional (3-D) and more general motion should be possible. The algorithm is able to determine volunteer motion well. The mean absolute deviation between algorithm and navigator-echo-determined motion is comparable to the displacement step size used in the algorithm. Local deviations from the recorded motion or navigator-determined motion are explained and we indicate how enhanced focus criteria may be derived. In all cases we were able to compensate images for patient motion, reducing blurring and ghosting.

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