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Leukemia. 1998 Mar;12(3):422-6.

Bolus vincristine and epirubicin with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (VECD) as induction and salvage treatment in multiple myeloma.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine (Cancer Research), West German Cancer Center, University of Essen.


The VAD regimen (infusional vincristine, doxorubicin and intermittent high-dose dexamethasone) is widely considered the standard salvage chemotherapy for multiple myeloma resistant to alkylating agents and is increasingly used for induction in previously untreated patients prior to high-dose chemotherapy. We investigated the VECD protocol, a VAD-based regimen using bolus injections of vincristine 1.5 mg day 1 and epirubicin 20 mg/m2 days 2 and 3 with 1 h infusions of cyclophosphamide 200 mg/m2 days 1-3 and oral dexamethasone 20 mg/m2 days 1-5 as induction and salvage treatment in multiple myeloma. Fifteen previously untreated and 25 patients with relapsed or refractory myeloma were included. Cycles were repeated every 3 weeks. In the group of previously untreated patients the response rate was 53% and the median survival has not been reached at 59 months. For relapsed and refractory patients the response rate was 44% and the median survival 13 months. In the group of patients with truly refractory disease on prior chemotherapy a response rate of 47% was achieved, which appears superior to the results observed for VAD alone. The main toxicities were leukocytopenia WHO grade IV and infections grade III/IV with both toxicities being significantly more pronounced in pretreated patients. VECD appears to be an effective regimen for induction and salvage therapy in multiple myeloma. Based on the limited number of patients treated the results are comparable to those reported for VAD, with the advantage that the infusional application of vincristine and the anthracycline is omitted.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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