Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 1998 Mar 24;37(12):4125-36.

Mutational analysis of posttranslational heterocycle biosynthesis in the gyrase inhibitor microcin B17: distance dependence from propeptide and tolerance for substitution in a GSCG cyclizable sequence.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Microcin B17 (MccB17) is a peptidyl antibiotic that is secreted in stationary phase by several strains of Escherichia coli. The antibiotic efficacy of this polypeptide depends on the posttranslational modification of eight cysteine and serine residues to thiazoles and oxazoles, respectively, within the 69 aa McbA structural gene product. Mono- and bisheterocycle formation is mediated by MccB17 synthetase, an enzyme complex composed of three proteins: McbB, -C, and -D. After substrate processing, an N-terminal 26 aa propeptide sequence is cleaved to afford the mature antibiotic. A method for the overexpression and rapid purification of microcin synthetase has been developed using a calmodulin-binding peptide tag. The determinants of substrate recognition and synthetase-mediated heterocycle formation were investigated by a systematic evaluation of 15 McbA1-46 analogues representing minimal substrates containing the first bisheterocyclization site (Gly39-Ser40-Cys41-Gly42) and variants thereof. Each substrate analogue was overexpressed and affinity-purified as fusions to maltose-binding protein, incubated with purified synthetase, and evaluated for processing by Western blots, UV spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. Insights gained into the process of enzymatic heterocycle formation from cysteine and serine residues are discussed, including the distance dependence of the first cyclized residue from the propeptide and the local sequence context at the cyclizable sites. A model for McbA substrate recognition and processing by MccB17 synthetase is proposed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk