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Mod Pathol. 1998 Mar;11(3):247-52.

Immunohistochemical expression of retinoblastoma and p53 tumor suppressor genes in prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia: comparison with prostatic adenocarcinoma and benign prostate.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA.


Mutational alterations involving the p53 and retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor genes are implicated in the oncogenesis of a variety of tumors. Their role in the pathogenesis of prostatic adenocarcinoma remains to be fully elucidated, and their detection in high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HG-PIN) has not been closely examined. We studied the immunohistochemical expression of RB and p53 proteins in HG-PIN, benign prostate, and prostatic adenocarcinoma from 25 radical prostatectomy specimens. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections pretreated with antigen retrieval in citrate buffer were stained with anti-RB antibody RB-WL-1 and anti-p53 antibody DO-7. RB immunoreactivity was present in all of the cases in the foci of HG-PIN, benign prostate, and prostatic adenocarcinoma. Mutant p53 protein was detected in 56% of HG-PIN, 72% of prostatic adenocarcinomas, and 20% of benign prostatic glands. A multivariate analysis of variance showed an overall difference in p53 immunoreactivity between HG-PIN, benign prostate, and prostatic adenocarcinoma (P < .001). There was a statistically significant difference between immunoreactivity of the benign prostate and of HG-PIN (P < .001) and between the immunoreactivity of benign prostate and prostatic adenocarcinoma (P < .001). The immunoreactivities of HG-PIN and prostatic adenocarcinoma were not statistically different (P = .3). These data suggest that RB loss might not play a role in initiation of all cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma. The p53 immunoreactivity in HG-PIN was significantly different from that found in benign prostate and was similar to that of prostatic adenocarcinoma. This is in keeping with the putative premalignant character of HG-PIN.

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