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Baillieres Clin Gastroenterol. 1997 Dec;11(4):749-79.

Benign post-operative bile duct strictures.

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  • Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21287-4603, USA.


The vast majority of post-operative bile duct strictures occur following cholecystectomy, these injuries having been seen at an increased frequency since the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Bile duct injuries usually present early in the post-operative period, obstructive jaundice or evidence of a bile leak being the most common mode of presentation. In patients presenting with a post-operative bile duct stricture months to years after surgery, cholangitis is the most common symptom. The 'gold standard' for the diagnosis of bile duct strictures is cholangiography. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography is generally more valuable than endoscopic retrograde cholangiography in that it defines the anatomy of the proximal biliary tree that is to be used in surgical reconstruction. The most commonly employed surgical procedure with the best overall results for the treatment of bile duct stricture is a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. The results of the surgical repair of bile duct strictures are excellent, long-term success rates being in excess of 80% in most series. Recent data have suggested that, at intermediate follow-up of approximately 3 years, an excellent outcome can be obtained following repair of bile duct injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Percutaneous and endoscopic techniques for the dilatation of bile duct strictures can be useful adjuncts to the management of bile duct strictures if the anatomical situation and clinical scenario favour this approach. In selected patients, the results of both endoscopic and percutaneous dilatation are comparable to those of surgical reconstruction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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