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J Biol Chem. 1998 Mar 20;273(12):6944-50.

Syntaxin 12, a member of the syntaxin family localized to the endosome.

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  • 1Membrane Biology Laboratory, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Singapore 117609, Republic of Singapore.

Abstract

We have cloned a new member of the syntaxin family of proteins. The open reading frame encodes a polypeptide of 272 amino acids with potential coiled-coil domains and a C-terminal hydrophobic tail. Northern blot analysis showed that the transcript is fairly ubiquitous. A soluble recombinant form of the polypeptide without the hydrophobic region binds to alpha-SNAP (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein) and syndet/SNAP-23 in vitro. Polyclonal antibody raised against the recombinant protein recognized a 39-kDa protein in the membrane fraction of cell lysates. Indirect immunofluorescence studies using the polyclonal antibody showed that the protein is localized to intracellular membrane structures. Selective permeabilization studies with digitonin and saponin indicate that the epitope(s) recognized by the antibody is expose to the cytoplasm, consistent with the predicted orientation characteristic of SNAP receptor molecules. Morphological alterations of the staining pattern of the protein with brefeldin A and wortmannin treatment indicate that the protein is localize to the endosome. The cDNA we have cloned apparently corresponded to three previously described expressed sequence tags named as syntaxins 12, 13, and 14, respectively. We therefore propose to retain the name syntaxin 12 for this protein.

PMID:
9507000
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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