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Am J Infect Control. 1998 Feb;26(1):66-70.

Safety of prolonging peripheral cannula and i.v. tubing use from 72 hours to 96 hours.

Author information

  • Division of Infectious Disease and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01655, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the rates of phlebitis of peripheral intravenous lines left in place for 72 hours versus rates of those left in place 96 hours.

DESIGN:

A prospective, nonrandomized study.

SETTING:

A university teaching hospital with 375 beds.

PATIENTS:

Consecutive adult patients who received peripheral intravenous lines and were admitted to the wards.

MEASUREMENTS:

The phlebitis rates were monitored by the i.v. Team for 1 month according to a predetermined definition for phlebitis: palpable cord or at least two of the following: tenderness, warmth, erythema, and induration.

RESULTS:

A total of 2503 peripheral lines were evaluable. The overall phlebitis rate was 6.8%. The phlebitis rates for lines left in for 72 and 96 hours were not significantly different (3.3% vs 2.6%, p = 1.000) by Fisher's Exact Test and survival analysis. It was estimated that in 1 month approximately 300 intravenous lines potentially could be prolonged beyond 72 hours; 215 lines were changed at 72 hours despite no signs of inflammation, 61 lines were kept till 96 hours, and 19 lines were kept beyond 96 hours.

CONCLUSIONS:

Phlebitis rate for our peripheral intravenous catheters at 96 hours was not significantly different from that at 72 hours. If intravenous cannulas and lines were prolonged to 96 hours, a potential cost saving of $61,200 per year could be realized.

PMID:
9503115
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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