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Immunology. 1997 Dec;92(4):577-86.

The major dog allergens, Can f 1 and Can f 2, are salivary lipocalin proteins: cloning and immunological characterization of the recombinant forms.

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  • 1ImmuLogic Pharmaceutical Corporation, Waltham MA 02154, USA.


Canis familiaris allergen 1 (Can f 1) and Canis familiaris allergen 2 (Can f 2) are the two major allergens present in dog dander extracts. We now report the isolation of cDNAs encoding both proteins and present their nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences. Can f 1, produced by tongue epithelial tissue, has homology with the von Ebner's gland (VEG) protein, a salivary protein not previously thought to have allergenic properties. Can f 2, produced by tongue and parotid gland, has homology with mouse urinary protein (MUP), a known allergen. Both VEG protein and MUP are members of the lipocalin family of small ligand-binding proteins. Recombinant forms of Can f 1 and Can f 2 were produced and tested for immunoglobulin E (IgE) reactivity. Among dog-allergic subjects, 45% had IgE directed exclusively to rCan f 1, and 25% had IgE to both rCan f 1 and rCan f 2. In addition, both recombinant proteins were able to cross-link IgE and elicit histamine release from peripheral blood leucocytes in vitro. These findings confirm that Can f 1 and Can f 2 are major and minor dog allergens, respectively, and demonstrate that recombinant forms of dog allergens retain at least some IgE-binding epitopes.

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