Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cell Biol. 1998 Mar 9;140(5):1055-62.

AP-2/Eps15 interaction is required for receptor-mediated endocytosis.

Author information

  • 1Developpement Normal et Pathologique du Systeme Immunitaire, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale U 429, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, 75743 Paris Cedex 15, France.


We have previously shown that the protein Eps15 is constitutively associated with the plasma membrane adaptor complex, AP-2, suggesting its possible role in endocytosis. To explore the role of Eps15 and the function of AP-2/Eps15 association in endocytosis, the Eps15 binding domain for AP-2 was precisely delineated. The entire COOH-terminal domain of Eps15 or a mutant form lacking all the AP-2-binding sites was fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP), and these constructs were transiently transfected in HeLa cells. Overexpression of the fusion protein containing the entire COOH-terminal domain of Eps15 strongly inhibited endocytosis of transferrin, whereas the fusion protein in which the AP-2-binding sites had been deleted had no effect. These results were confirmed in a cell-free assay that uses perforated A431 cells to follow the first steps of coated vesicle formation at the plasma membrane. Addition of Eps15-derived glutathione-S-transferase fusion proteins containing the AP-2-binding site in this assay inhibited not only constitutive endocytosis of transferrin but also ligand-induced endocytosis of epidermal growth factor. This inhibition could be ascribed to a competition between the fusion protein and endogenous Eps15 for AP-2 binding. Altogether, these results show that interaction of Eps15 with AP-2 is required for efficient receptor-mediated endocytosis and thus provide the first evidence that Eps15 is involved in the function of plasma membrane-coated pits.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk