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Psychiatry Res. 1997 Dec 5;73(3):123-32.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function and platelet serotonin concentrations in depressed patients.

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  • 1Laboratory for Molecular Neuropharmacology, Rud'er Bosković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia.

Abstract

Plasma cortisol and platelet serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) concentrations were determined in 39 male psychotic and 39 male non-psychotic depressed inpatients, and in 69 male healthy control subjects. Psychotic or non-psychotic depressed patients had higher predexamethasone plasma cortisol levels than found in the control group. After the dexamethasone suppression test (DST), psychotic and non-psychotic depressed patients were subdivided into suppressors and non-suppressors. Psychotic and non-psychotic patients had significantly different platelet 5-HT concentrations among themselves and compared with the control group. However, there was no significant correlation between plasma cortisol levels and platelet 5-HT concentrations. Dexamethasone administration did not affect platelet 5-HT concentrations within subtypes of depressed patients. Abnormal cortisol suppression after the DST occurred more frequently in psychotic than in non-psychotic patients. Platelet 5-HT and plasma cortisol concentrations were decreased in patients with pronounced suicidal behaviour. Our results suggest that plasma cortisol and platelet 5-HT concentrations might serve as independent biological markers for different subtypes of depression.

PMID:
9481804
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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