Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Jan;22(1):32-8.

Efficacy and tolerability of sibutramine in obese patients: a dose-ranging study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Research, Laboratoires Knoll France, Levallois-Perret, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the weight-reducing effects and tolerability of 5 mg, 10 mg and 15 mg daily doses of sibutramine, a novel serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI).

DESIGN:

Multicentre, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study. After a one week run-in period, patients were randomized to receive placebo or sibutramine over a 12-week period. Advice on diet and behaviour modification was provided. One follow-up was conducted four weeks after cessation of treatment.

SUBJECTS:

235 obese outpatients, aged 18-65 y with a body mass index (BMI) within the range 27-40 kg/m2.

MEASUREMENTS:

Weight, height, waist and hip circumference, and medical history, assessment of hunger, satiety, appetite and craving for sweet, savoury and carbohydrate foods, and also for carbohydrate snacking, standard laboratory assessments, blood pressure, heart rate and ECG.

RESULTS:

The group mean (+/- s.e.m.) weight loss at end-point was 1.4 +/- 0.5 kg for placebo (n = 59), 2.4 +/- 0.5 kg for 5 mg sibutramine (n = 56), 5.1 +/- 0.5 kg for 10 mg sibutramine (n = 59) and 4.9 +/- 0.5 kg (n = 62) for 15 mg sibutramine. The difference observed between the placebo and the 10 mg and 15 mg groups was statistically significant from week 2 onwards (P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference between these sibutramine groups. The percentage of patients losing > 5% of initial bodyweight was significantly greater for 15 mg sibutramine (55%) and 10 mg sibutramine (49%) than for treatment with placebo (19%), (P < 0.001). During the double-blind period, 41 patients (17%) withdrew prematurely and 168 patients (71%) reported 453 adverse events. The incidence and type of adverse event and the rates of withdrawal, were not significantly different in the four groups. No significant differences between the groups were observed, in respect of changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, but a significant increase in heart rate (about 4 beats/min) was noted for patients who received 10 mg or 15 mg sibutramine, compared with the placebo (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

These data demonstrate dose-related weight loss with sibutramine treatment for up to 12 weeks in obese patients. Doses of 10 mg and 15 mg once daily were shown to be similarly effective, well tolerated and significantly more effective than the placebo.

PMID:
9481597
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk