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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1998 Feb 15;350(2):193-200.

Effect of chronic ethanol consumption on respiratory and glycolytic activities of rat periportal and perivenous hepatocytes.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157-1016, USA.


Previous studies (Ivester et al., Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 322, 14-21, 1995) have established that periportal and perivenous hepatocytes isolated from ethanol-fed rats demonstrate lower ATP concentrations than those in control preparations when the cells are maintained at very low oxygen tension. In the present investigation, experiments were implemented with periportal and perivenous hepatocytes to determine the effects of chronic ethanol consumption on cellular respiratory and glycolytic activities, since both contribute to maintenance of the energy state of the liver cell. Both periportal and perivenous hepatocytes from ethanol-fed rats demonstrated significantly increased, rather than decreased, respiratory activity when monitored with oxygen concentrations ranging from 16 to 140 microM. Whole liver hepatocytes from control and ethanol-fed animals demonstrated equivalent oxygen utilization, however. Glycolytic activity, monitored by lactate + pyruvate concentrations obtained after both anaerobic and aerobic incubation protocols, was decreased in both cell types from ethanol-fed animals. The glycogen concentrations in freshly isolated periportal and perivenous hepatocytes were also decreased eight- and sevenfold, respectively, as compared with control preparations. Incubation under anaerobic conditions resulted in almost complete depletion of glycogen in both cell types. These observations suggest the possibility that the decreased energy state observed in hepatocytes from ethanol-fed animals is related to a depression in anaerobic glycolysis due to depletion of the endogenous substrate, glycogen.

Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

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