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Science. 1998 Feb 20;279(5354):1207-10.

Mismatch repair co-opted by hypermutation.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0670, USA.

Abstract

Mice homozygous for a disrupted allele of the mismatch repair gene Pms2 have a mutator phenotype. When this allele is crossed into quasi-monoclonal (QM) mice, which have a very limited B cell repertoire, homozygotes have fewer somatic mutations at the immunoglobulin heavy chain and lambda chain loci than do heterozygotes or wild-type QM mice. That is, mismatch repair seems to contribute to somatic hypermutation rather than stifling it. It is suggested that at immunoglobulin loci in hypermutable B cells, mismatched base pairs are "corrected" according to the newly synthesized DNA strand, thereby fixing incipient mutations instead of eliminating them.

Comment in

  • Fixing mismatches. [Science. 1998]
PMID:
9469811
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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