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Hum Mutat. 1998;11(1):76-83.

Mutation analysis of the 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase gene in Chinese hyperphenylalaninemia caused by tetrahydrobiopterin synthesis deficiency.

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  • 1Institute of Biochemistry, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.


Hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) may be caused by deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase or tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), the essential cofactor for the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases. 6-Pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS) deficiency is a major cause of BH4 deficient HPA. In this study, seven single base mutations at nucleotides 73 (C>G), 155 (A>G), 166 (G>A), 209 (T>A), 259 (C>T), 286 (G>A), and 317 (C>T) on PTPS cDNA were detected in Chinese PTPS-deficient HPA by polymerase chain reaction and solid phase DNA sequencing. These nucleotide alterations result in R25G, N52S, V56M, V70D, P87S, D96N, and T106M amino acid substitutions, respectively. The R25G, V56M, V70D, and T106M were novel mutations found in PTPS gene. By analysis of 38 PTPS mutant alleles from 19 unrelated Chinese PTPS-deficient HPA families, the allele frequency of these mutations in Chinese PTPS-deficient HPA were determined to be approximately 5.3% (R25G), 34.2% (N52S), 7.9% (V56M), 2.6% (V70D), 36.8% (P87S), 7.9% (D96N), and 2.6% (T106M), respectively. Two common mutations, N52S and P87S, were found to account for 71% of the Chinese PTPS mutant alleles. The N52S mutation accounts for 48% of the southern Chinese PTPS mutation, but only one (9%) of the northern Chinese PTPS mutant allele was found to be N52S, which suggested that the N52S mutation might be southern Chinese. Clinically, the V56M mutation was found to associate with the mild form of PTPS deficiency. However, the R25G, N52S, P87S, and D96N were found mainly in the patients with severe clinical symptom. Using polymerase chain reaction-based mutation analysis, a fetus at risk of PTPS deficiency was diagnosed prenatally to be a carrier of N52S mutation.

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