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Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 1997 Nov;43(7):1031-7.

Cytokine production in vitro by macrophages of goats with caprine arthritis-encephalitis.

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  • 1Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Tuskegee University, AL 36088, USA.

Erratum in

  • Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 1998 Mar;44(2):395.


The response of caprine macrophages to exposure to caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated in female Nubian and Nubian crossbreed of goats. Macrophages were matured in vitro from monocytes isolated from blood of control and CAEV-infected goats and the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in culture supernatant after exposure of cells to LPS and virus were assayed. Though barely detectable in unstimulated cells, TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels showed peak values of 420 +/- 28 to 530 +/- 32 and 70 +/- 27 to 93 +/- 29, respectively, in supernatants of control goat cells [corrected], remaining high through 24 hrs. post treatment with LPS stimulation. Exposure of these control goat cells [corrected] to virus induced lower secretions (p<0.05) of the cytokines. The peak values occurred between 6 and 12 hrs. post treatment with LPS or virus. Cells prepared from virus-infected goats and treated with the mitogen or virus showed significantly (p<0.05) lower response than those from control goats. The present results suggest a dysregulation, possibly downregulation of the production of both cytokines in macrophages of goats chronically diseased by lentivirus infection.

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