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Urol Int. 1997;59(4):226-30.

Effects of partial outflow obstruction on bladder contractility and blood flow to the detrusor: comparison between mild and severe obstruction.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


Detrusor dysfunction secondary to partial outflow obstruction is caused in part by decreased blood flow to the detrusor. We investigated changes in blood flow to the bladder and in bladder function after inducing partial outflow obstruction. The urethras of male Sprague-Dawley rats were constricted by sutures to degrees representing either mild and severe obstruction. Blood flow to the bladder was measured by a Doppler flowmeter prior to and 7 days after obstruction. In vivo and in vitro experiments were performed 7 days after surgery. After cystometry was used to determine bladder capacity, the pressure at which micturition was induced, and maximum voiding pressure, the bladder was removed and placed in an organ bath where increases in intravesical pressure in response to field stimulation were evaluated. Finally, volume-pressure studies were performed in order to determine passive detrusor compliance and response to field stimulation at each specific capacity in vitro. Although blood flow to the bladder was significantly decreased by severe obstruction, no differences in blood flow between control and mildly obstructed bladders was observed. While maximum voiding pressure decreased in severely obstructed bladders, both the pressure at which micturition was induced and bladder capacity were increased. The response to field stimulation was increased by mild obstruction but decreased by severe obstruction, although bladder compliance was increased by both. The peak response to filled stimulation was observed at a larger capacity in severely obstructed bladders than the others. In conclusion, when outflow obstruction was mild, blood flow to the bladder remained unchanged and detrusor contractility increased. On the other hand, severe obstruction decreased bladder blood flow and induced deterioration of detrusor function.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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