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Mol Pharmacol. 1998 Jan;53(1):148-56.

Effects of ethanol and anesthetics on type 1 and 5 metabotropic glutamate receptors expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA.

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that ethanol and volatile anesthetics inhibit the function of some metabotropic (G protein-coupled) receptors, including the 5-hydroxytryptamine2 and muscarinic cholinergic receptors. The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) show little sequence homology with most other metabotropic receptors and are important modulators of synaptic transmission in the mammalian central nervous system. It was of interest to determine drug actions on these receptors, and we investigated the effects of ethanol, halothane, the anesthetic compound F3 (1-chloro-1,2,2-trifluorocyclobutane), and the nonanesthetics F6 (1,2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane) and F8 (2,3-chlorooctafluorobutane) on the function of mGluR1 and mGluR5 expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Halothane, F3, and ethanol inhibited mGluR5-induced Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents, yet pharmacologically relevant concentrations of these compounds had little effect on the glutamate-induced currents in the oocytes expressing mGluR1. F6 had inhibitory effects on both receptors, and F8 did not affect either mGluR1 or mGluR5 function. The protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF109203X enhanced the glutamate-induced current, and the PKC activator phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate inhibited this current in the oocytes expressing mGluR5, but these compounds had little effect on mGluR1 function. GF109203X abolished the inhibitory effects of halothane, F3, and ethanol on mGluR5s. Conversely, the phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A prolonged the action of halothane and ethanol. Furthermore, mutation of a PKC consensus site (Ser890) of mGluR5 abolished the inhibitory effects of halothane, F3, and ethanol. These results suggest that ethanol and volatile anesthetics inhibit mGluR5 because they promote PKC-mediated phosphorylation.

PMID:
9443943
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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