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J Biol Chem. 1998 Jan 23;273(4):2030-4.

Molecular basis for ADP-induced platelet activation. II. The P2Y1 receptor mediates ADP-induced intracellular calcium mobilization and shape change in platelets.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Temple University Medical School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA.


ADP is an important platelet agonist causing shape change from smooth discoid shape to spiculated spheres and platelet aggregation. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in ADP-induced platelet activation have not been elucidated. We demonstrated earlier the existence of two distinct ADP receptors on platelets, one coupled to phospholipase C, P2TPLC, and the other to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, P2TAC (Daniel, J. L., Dangelmaier, C., Jin, J., Ashby, B., Smith, J. B., and Kunapuli, S. P. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 2024-2029), in addition to the previously described P2X1 receptor. Here we report the cloning of a cDNA clone encoding the P2Y1 receptor from a human platelet cDNA library by homology screening with radiolabeled P2Y1-P2Y6 receptor cDNAs. ADP or 2-methyl(thio)-ADP-induced intracellular calcium increases were inhibited by the P2Y1 receptor-specific antagonists, adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate (A3P5PS), adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphate (A3P5P), and adenosine 2'-phosphate 5'-phosphate (A2P5P), in a concentration-dependent manner, but not by ARL 66096 or alpha, beta-MeATP. A3P5PS, A3P5P, and A2P5P also inhibited the shape change of aspirinated platelets induced by 10 microM ADP or 3 microM 2-methyl-(thio)-ADP in a concentration-dependent manner, with complete inhibition occurring at 300 microM. On the other hand ARL 66096 (100 nM), a potent P2TAC antagonist and alpha, beta-methylene-ATP (40 microM), a P2X1 receptor agonist, had no effect on ADP-induced platelet shape change. On the contrary, ADP-induced inhibition of adenylyl cyclase was blocked by ARL 66096, but not by alpha, beta-MeATP or the P2Y1 receptor-specific antagonists, A3P5PS, A3P5P, or A2P5P. These results demonstrate the role of the P2Y1 receptor in ADP-induced platelet shape change and calcium mobilization and support the idea that several P2 receptors are involved in the regulation of different aspects of platelet stimulus-response coupling.

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