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Blue-yellow deficiency in workers exposed to low concentrations of organic solvents.

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  • 1Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the effects of low concentrations of organic solvents on color vision.

METHODS:

Color vision was examined in 24 workers exposed to mixtures of solvents and in 24 control subjects. Exposure to mixtures was below the threshold-limit values. Color vision ability was assessed using the Ishihara plates (to screen for congenital dyschromatopsia), the Farnsworth panel D-15 test, the Lanthony desaturated panel D-15 test, and the Standard Pseudoisochromatic Plates part 2 (SPP2 test).

RESULTS:

The comparatively less sensitive Farnsworth panel D-15 test failed to show any difference between the groups, but the Lanthony panel D-15 desaturated test as well as the SPP2 test showed a significant impairment in the exposed group. Errors were of the blue-yellow type.

CONCLUSION:

This study gives further evidence that even mixtures of organic solvents at concentrations below the threshold-limit values may impair color vision.

PMID:
9439988
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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