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Plant Cell. 1997 Dec;9(12):2159-70.

Disruption of interfascicular fiber differentiation in an Arabidopsis mutant.

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  • 1Department of Botany, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA.

Abstract

Arabidopsis develops interfascicular fibers in stems for needed support of shoots. To study the molecular mechanisms controlling fiber differentiation, we isolated an interfascicular fiber mutant (ifl1) by screening ethyl methanesulfonate-mutagenized Arabidopsis populations. This mutant lacks normal interfascicular fibers in stems. Interestingly, some interfascicular cells were sclerified in the upper parts but not in the basal parts of the ifl1 stems. These sclerified cells were differentiated at a position different from that of interfascicular fibers in the wild type. Lack of interfascicular fibers correlated with a dramatic change of stem strength. Stems of the mutant could not stand erect and were easily broken by bending. Quantitative measurement showed that it took approximately six times less force to break basal stems of the mutant than of the wild type. In addition, noticeable morphological changes were associated with the mutant, including long stems, dark green leaves with delayed senescence, and reduced numbers of cauline leaves and branches. Genetic analysis showed that the ifl1 mutation was monogenic and recessive. The ifl1 locus was mapped to a region between the 17C2 and 7H9L markers on chromosome 5. Isolation of the ifl1 mutant provides a novel means to study the genetic control of fiber differentiation.

PMID:
9437861
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC157065
Free PMC Article

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