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Mol Biol Cell. 1998 Jan;9(1):131-41.

Tyrosine phosphorylation regulates cell cycle-dependent nuclear localization of Cdc48p.

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  • 1Physiologisch-chemisches Institut der Universität Tübingen, Germany.


Cdc48p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its highly conserved mammalian homologue VCP (valosin-containing protein) are ATPases with essential functions in cell division and homotypic fusion of endoplasmic reticulum vesicles. Both are mainly attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, but relocalize in a cell cycle-dependent manner: Cdc48p enters the nucleus during late G1; VCP aggregates at the centrosome during mitosis. The nuclear import signal sequence of Cdc48p was localized near the amino terminus and its function demonstrated by mutagenesis. The nuclear import is regulated by a cell cycle-dependent phosphorylation of a tyrosine residue near the carboxy terminus. Two-hybrid studies indicate that the phosphorylation results in a conformational change of the protein, exposing the nuclear import signal sequence previously masked by a stretch of acidic residues.

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