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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Jan;284(1):291-7.

LY320135, a novel cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, unmasks coupling of the CB1 receptor to stimulation of cAMP accumulation.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Regulation, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

LY320135 is a selective antagonist for the brain CB1 receptor, having greater than 70-fold higher affinity for the CB1 than the peripheral CB2 receptor. The Ki values for LY320135 at the CB1 and CB2 receptors, transfected and stably expressed in cell lines, were 224 nM and > 10 microM, respectively. Similar Ki values were measured in binding studies performed on cerebellum and spleen membrane preparations endogenously expressing the CB1 (203 nM) and CB2 (> 10 microM) receptors, respectively. LY320135 functionally reversed anandamide-mediated adenylate cyclase inhibition in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing the CB1 receptor. Pertussis toxin treatment of CHO cells expressing the CB1 receptor attenuated the anandamide-mediated inhibition of adenylate cyclase and unmasked a stimulatory effect of anandamide on adenylate cyclase. The stimulatory component was blocked with LY320135. This compound also blocked WIN 55212-2-mediated inhibition of N-type calcium channels and activation of inwardly rectifying potassium channels in N18 and AtT-20-CB2 cells, respectively. LY320135 is a promising lead compound for the further development of novel, potent and selective cannabinoid antagonists of novel structure.

PMID:
9435190
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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