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J Endocrinol. 1997 Nov;155(2):351-8.

Effects of insulin-like growth factor-I and LR3IGF-I on regional blood flow in normal rats.

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  • 1Cooperative Research Centre for Tissue Growth and Repair at the Child Health Research Institute, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.


Two studies were conducted to investigate the haemodynamic effects of IGF-I and its analogue LR3IGF-I in normal anaesthetised rats. Infusion of IGF-I intravenously, at a dose of 125 micrograms/kg/h, for 20 min in the first study resulted in renal blood flow being significantly elevated by 35% above baseline. Mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) at this IGF-I dose fell by 18% of baseline, with LR3IGF-I also causing a significant decline in MABP (by 15%) at the dose of 125 micrograms/kg/h. In the second study the intravenous administration of IGF-I or LR3IGF-I, at a dose of 125 micrograms/kg/h, over a period of 60 min, resulted in MABP being significantly lowered by 25% of baseline values. Regional blood flow rates were determined using radioactive microspheres, 15 microns in diameter, injected systemically at the end of the peptide infusion period. The gastrocnemius, a representative skeletal muscle, was the only vascular region to show a significant increase in blood flow after IGF-I (by 58%) or LR3IGF-1 (by 308%) infusion. Vascular resistance in the brain was significantly reduced after infusion of IGF-I (by 60%) or LR3IGF-I (by 48%) as compared with vehicle. Skeletal muscle vascular resistance was also reduced by IGF-I (by 41%) and more particularly by LR3IGF-I (by 77%) in comparison to vehicle. These alterations to vascular tone produced by IGF infusion may be related to the central nervous system and systemic cardiovascular side-effects that have been reported during IGF-I administration in humans.

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