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FEBS Lett. 1997 Nov 17;417(3):267-9.

Identification of potential activators of proteinase-activated receptor-2.

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  • 1Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, MRC Centre, UK.


In order to identify physiological activators of proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2), a peptide chloromethane inhibitor (biotinyl-Ser-Lys-Gly-Arg-CH2Cl) based on the cleavage site for activation of PAR-2 was synthesised and tested with 12 trypsin-like serine proteinases. The second-order rate constant (ki/Ki) for the formation of the covalent proteinase-inhibitor complex varied by 2 x 10(5)-fold between the proteinases. Biotinyl-Ser-Lys-Gly-Arg-CH2Cl reacted very rapidly with trypsin, acrosin from sperm and tryptase from mast cells: the ki/Ki values with these proteinases were greater than 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1). Thus, the specificity of these proteinases matched the sequence of the activation site of PAR-2 and it can be concluded that these proteinases are potential physiological activators of PAR-2.

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