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Acta Chir Hung. 1997;36(1-4):176-8.

Morphology of cystic renal lesions. Lectin and immuno-histochemical study.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University Medical School of Debrecen, Hungary.


Renal cystic disease include heritable, developmental and acquired disorders. Morphological features were extensively studied mainly in cases of autosomal dominant polycystic and experimentally induced cystic disorders. We report the immunohistochemical (cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, vimentin, Tamm-Horsfall protein, proliferating cell nuclear antigen) and lectin-binding (soybean agglutinin, Dolichos biflorus agglutinin) profile of cystic kidneys from 9 surgically removed and 21 autopsy cases. The primary renal diseases displayed great diversity. Beside polycystic kidney diseases we studied cysts associated to renal neoplasm, hemodialysis, nephrosis syndrome and chronic transplant rejection. Cystic epithelium demonstrated positive reactions with distal tubular markers (epithelial membrane antigen, cytokeratin) or collecting duct (soybean agglutinin, Dolichos biflorus agglutinin) and Henle loop markers (Tamm-Horsfall protein) but the latter in lesser extent. The large number of the vimentin positive cases are suggestive to dedifferentiation or cellular regeneration. The former might be underlined by the diffuse cytoplasmic or basolateral membrane staining of the epithelial membrane antigen in some cystic epithelial cells. Not the cystic epithelium but rather the neighbouring non-dilated tubular cells and interstitial cells presented proliferative activity which was most intense in areas where vimentin and variable nephron segment markers in the same tissue were expressed. Positive reaction of the type IV basement membrane collagen and the rate of the inflammation failed to show similar connection. This finding suggests the importance of the inflammatory cells in the development and/or expansion of the cysts.

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