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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1997 Nov;20(10):889-96.

Cost analysis of the introduction of PBPC for autologous transplantation: effect of switching from bone marrow (BM) to peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC).

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  • 1Division of Hematology, Ottawa General Hospital, Ontario, Canada.


Increasingly, PBPC instead of BM are used for autologous transplantation. Limited data exist on the economic effects of this change. Using a resource-based utilization model we prospectively determined the costs of 48 autologous transplants (eight BM, 17 BM + PBPC, 23 PBPC), isolating the post-reinfusion period (day 0 to discharge) to better determine the effect of the rescue product. Length of stay post-reinfusion was significantly shorter in patients receiving PBPC (median 13 days) or BM + PBPC (median 14 days) vs BM alone (median 20 days) (P < 0.01). Accordingly, transplant admission costs were less in the PBPC groups (PBPC $22089, BM + PBPC $23179) vs the BM alone group ($32289) (P < 0.05). Rescue product acquisition costs were higher for PBPC (range $3439-$5157) vs BM ($2766) but these costs were offset by the more rapid recovery of patients receiving PBPC. Overall transplant costs depend on the conditioning regimen with a 10-fold cost variation among regimens. Modeled costs for autologus transplantation using various approaches to rescue product acquisition are given. The introduction of PBPC for autologus transplantation has resulted in cost savings at our institution. Although the acquisition costs of PBPC rescue product are greater than for BM, this incremental expense is more than offset by a less expensive post-reinfusion period.

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