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J Clin Invest. 1997 Dec 15;100(12):2970-6.

Preferential localization of systemically administered radiolabeled interleukin 1alpha in experimental inflammation in mice by binding to the type II receptor.

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  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands. J.vanderLaken@Nugen.AZN.NL

Abstract

Previously, we have shown that systemically administered radiolabeled interleukin 1alpha (IL-1alpha) accumulates preferentially in inflammatory foci in mice. Since inflammation is characterized by influx of leukocytes, which represent IL-1 receptor (IL-1R) positive cells, radiolabeled IL-1 may specifically localize in inflammation by binding to its receptors on infiltrated leukocytes. This hypothesis was tested in a series of studies in mice with acute focal inflammations. Evidence for specific IL-1-IL-1R interaction in induced inflammation was found: microscopic autoradiography revealed that 125I-IL-1alpha localized at the site of inflammatory cells with time; 125I-myoglobin, a similar-sized protein with no known interactions in vivo, was not retained in the inflammation. Furthermore, the uptake 125I-IL-1alpha in inflammatory tissue was significantly lower in neutropenic mice than in immunocompetent mice (0.05+/-0.004 vs. 0.65+/-0.06% ID/g at 48 h after injection, P < 0.0007). Moreover, the uptake of 125I-IL-1alpha at the inflammatory site could be blocked with the anti-IL-1R type II antibody 4E2. At 48 h after injection, the uptake with and without blocking the type II IL-1R was 0.13+/-0.01 and 0. 65+/-0.05% ID/g, respectively (P < 0.0001). These in vivo studies provide evidence that systemically administered radiolabeled IL-1alpha localizes in inflammatory tissue by specific receptor binding, predominantly by binding to the type II IL-1R.

PMID:
9399942
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC508508
Free PMC Article
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