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Biol Neonate. 1997;72(5):265-72.

The pharmacokinetics of bumetanide in the newborn infant.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine, Fla., USA.


This study characterizes the pharmacokinetics of bumetanide after an intravenous dose of 0.05 or 0.10 mg/kg to 14 neonates (weight range 820-4,000 g; gestational age 26-40 weeks) during the first week of life. Blood samples and urine were collected for up to 12 h after dosing. Estimated serum clearance was 0.2-1.0 ml/ (range), volume of distribution was 0.22 l/kg (range 0.11-0.32 l/kg), and the harmonic mean half-life was 6-7 h (range of 4-19 h). Nonrenal clearance accounted for 58-97% of the serum clearance with the presence of certain oxidative metabolites of bumetanide in the urine. These findings suggest higher dosing requirements and prolonged intervals as compared to adults. Utilizing these pharmacokinetic data, pharmacodynamic and ototoxicity studies should be conducted to establish a safe and effective neonatal dose.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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