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Genes Dev. 1997 Dec 1;11(23):3168-81.

Mediation of NGF signaling by post-translational inhibition of HES-1, a basic helix-loop-helix repressor of neuronal differentiation.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Abstract

The induction of neurite outgrowth by NGF is a transcription-dependent process in PC12 cells, but the transcription factors that mediate this process are not known. Here we show that the bHLH transcriptional repressor HES-1 is a mediator of this process. Inactivation of endogenous HES-1 by forced expression of a dominant-negative protein induces neurite outgrowth in the absence of NGF and increases response to NGF. In contrast, expression of additional wild-type HES-1 protein represses and delays response to NGF. Endogenous HES-1 DNA-binding activity is post-translationally inhibited during NGF signaling in vivo, and phosphorylation of PKC consensus sites in the HES-1 DNA-binding domain inhibits DNA binding by purified HES-1 in vitro. Mutation of these sites generates a constitutively active protein that strongly and persistently blocks response to NGF. These results suggest that post-translational inhibition of HES-1 is both essential for and partially mediates the induction of neurite outgrowth by NGF signaling.

PMID:
9389649
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC316755
Free PMC Article

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