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Cytokines Mol Ther. 1995 Sep;1(3):177-84.

Interleukin-1 and its inhibitors: a biologic and therapeutic model for the role of growth regulatory factors in leukemias.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Investigation, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


Production of growth factors may provide a mechanism for disease evolution in some leukemias. Interleukin-1 is a plelotropic cytokine with the ability to synergize with other growth factors as well as to stimulate their production and release. Autocrine and/or paracrine secretion of interleukin-1 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of both chronic and acute myelogenous leukemia. Recently, a series of both specific and nonspecific IL-1 inhibitory molecules have been identified. These include IL-1 receptor antagonist, soluble IL-1 receptors, IL-1-converting enzyme inhibitor, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-1-antisense. Early experiments demonstrating the ability of some of these molecules to inhibit acute and chronic myelogenous leukemia growth suggest that clinical trials of these compounds may provide a novel management approach in these malignancies. Here we review the potential biologic and therapeutic role of IL-1 and its inhibitors in the myeloid leukemias.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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