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Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1997 Oct;7(5):708-12.

The biological basis of autism.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Psychiatry Research, Medical Education Building, Room 1-293, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.


Stimulated by recent advances in genetics and neurobiology, there has been a rapid expansion of studies aimed at elucidating the biological basis of autism. Molecular genetic studies looking for susceptibility genes in this disorder are currently being conducted, and neuroimaging studies attempting to identify characteristic structural and functional brain abnormalities are under way. The results of these studies are likely to have a significant impact on our understanding of the pathogenesis of autism.

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