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Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1997 Sep;11(3):593-608.

Detection, significance, and therapy of bacteriuria in pregnancy. Update in the managed health care era.

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  • 1University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Department of Medicine (Infectious Diseases), USA.

Abstract

Profound physiologic and anatomic changes of the urinary tract during pregnancy contribute to the increased risk for symptomatic urinary tract infection in women with bacteriuria. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is the major risk factor for developing symptomatic UTIs during pregnancy and may be associated with adverse effects on maternal and fetal health. Because most symptomatic UTIs develop in women with bacteriuria earlier in pregnancy, treatment of bacteriuria is undertaken to prevent symptomatic infections. All pregnant women should be screened at the first antenatal visit, which is reliably and inexpensively done with a dipstick culture. Short-course therapy should be given to women with bacteriuria and clearance of bacteriuria should be documented after therapy is complete. Failure to eliminate bacteriuria with repeated therapy or recurrence with the same organism is indicative of renal parenchymal infection or a structural abnormality. All women with persistent bacteriuria or recurrent infection should have follow-up cultures and a urologic evaluation after delivery.

PMID:
9378925
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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