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Arch Dermatol Res. 1997 Sep;289(10):567-72.

Gene expression of types I and III collagen, decorin, matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in skin fibroblasts from patients with systemic sclerosis.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan.

Abstract

Cultured fibroblasts from patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and normal individuals were examined for gene expression of types I and III collagen, decorin, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-3, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, urokinase- and tissue-type plasminogen activators (u-PA and t-PA). Fibroblasts from patients with early stage SSC (less than 1 year duration of disease) exhibited higher levels of types I and III procollagen, decorin, MMP-1, MMP-3, TIMP-1, and PAs than those from normal individuals. The gene expression of procollagen alpha 1(I) and TIMP-1 mRNAs were increased, but those of decorin, MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-3 were decreased, in fibroblasts from SSc patients with mid-stage SSc (2 to 4 years duration) as compared with those from normal individuals. In contrast, no significant difference in gene expression was found between fibroblasts from normal individuals and from patients with late-stage SSc (more than 6 years duration). These results suggest that gene expression of collagen, decorin, and degrading factors is dynamically modulated during fibrillogenesis. The responses of procollagen alpha 1(I) mRNA to IL-1 and TGF-beta were lower in fibroblasts from SSc patients with early and mid-stage disease, but not in those from patients with-late stage disease, than in control fibroblasts, which indicates that these cytokines may be involved in the earlier phases of fibrosis in SSc.

PMID:
9373715
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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