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Ultrasound Med Biol. 1997;23(8):1251-8.

The stimulation of bone formation in vitro by therapeutic ultrasound.

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  • 1Department of Morphology, UFMG, Brazil.


A controlled study was performed to evaluate the effects of different ultrasound (US) intensities on 5-day-old mouse calvaria bone in tissue culture. A special technique to apply the US was developed, and the following parameters were measured: collagen and noncollagenous protein (NCP) synthesis (bone formation), and temperature change. It was found that ultrasound at 0.1 W/cm2 (SATA), pulsed 1:4, 3 MHz, 5 min, significantly stimulates bone formation (i.e., the synthesis of collagen and NCP) (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01). However, pulsed ultrasound at higher doses (1.0-2.0 W/cm2 (SATA), pulsed 1:4, 3 MHz, 5 min) significantly inhibited the synthesis of both collagen and NCP (p < 0.05). The temperature measurements showed a maximum rise of 1.8 degrees C [at 2.0 W/cm2 (SATA)] and no detected rise at 0.1 W/cm2 (SATA), suggesting that the effects in this study were primarily nonthermal. These results may reflect the healing effect of US on fractures and osteoradionecrosis and reinforces the use of low intensity US regimens [0.1 W/cm2 (SATA)] in clinical practice.

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