Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Exp Parasitol. 1997 Nov;87(3):212-21.

Leishmania major: molecular modeling of cysteine proteases and prediction of new nonpeptide inhibitors.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA. Paul.Selzer@med.uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

The crystal structures of papain, cruzain, and human liver cathepsin B were used to build homology-based enzyme models of a cathepsin L-like cysteine protease (cpL) and a cathepsin B-like cysteine protease (cpB) from the protozoan parasite Leishmania major. Although structurally a member of the cathepsin B subfamily, the L. major cpB is not able to cleave synthetic substrates having an arginine in position P2. This biochemical property correlates with the prediction of a glycine instead of a glutamic acid at position 205 (papain numbering). The modeled active sites of the L. major cpB and cpL were used to screen the Available Chemicals Directory (a database of about 150,000 commercially available compounds) for potential cysteine protease inhibitors, using DOCK3.5. Based on both steric and force field considerations, 69 compounds were selected. Of these, 18 showed IC50's between 50 and 100 microM and 3 had IC50's below 50 microM. A secondary library of compounds, originally derived from a structural screen against the homologous protease of Plasmodium falciparum (falcipain), and subsequently expanded by combinatorial chemistry, was also screened. Three inhibitors were identified which were not only effective against the L. major protease but also inhibited parasite growth at 5-50 microM.

PMID:
9371086
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk