Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Biochem. 1997 Oct 1;249(1):45-51.

Anthocyanin 5-aromatic acyltransferase from Gentiana triflora. Purification, characterization and its role in anthocyanin biosynthesis.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Fundamental Research, Suntory Ltd, Osaka, Japan.


Acylation with hydroxycinnamic acids stabilizes anthocyanins and makes their colour bluer (bathochromic shift). We purified to homogeneity one acylation enzyme, hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:anthocyanidin 3,5-diglucoside 5-O-glucoside-6"'-O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase, from blue petals of Gentiana triflora. It is a single polypeptide protein of 52 kDa with a pI of 4.6. It catalyzes the transfer of the p-coumaric acid and caffeic acid from their CoA esters to the 5-glucosyl moiety of anthocyanidin 3,5-diglucosides but could not use malonyl-CoA as an acyl donor. Neither anthocyanidin 3-monoglucoside nor anthocyanins aromatically acylated at the 3-glucosyl moiety could be acylated by this enzyme. Aromatic acylation of anthocyanidin 3,5-diglucoside by this enzyme caused a bathochromic shift and increased pigment stability in neutral to weakly basic pH. Other anthocyanins from the petals of G. triflora were isolated and their structures were determined by fast-atom-bombardment MS and NMR. The biosynthetic pathway of gentiodelphin, a diacylated anthocyanin accumulating in G. triflora petals, is proposed on the basis of these results.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk